Kobudo Weaponry Volume 6: Hoe
It is commonly believed that Okinawan farming tools evolved into lethal weapons of self-defense when the Satsuma samurai clan forbade the peasants from carrying arms.
The hoe (kuwa) is a common instrument in all agrarian societies. A classic Okinawan hoe had a handle that was generally thicker and shorter than average. The blade was usually shaped as a simple rectangle of steel with a sharp leading edge, but also may be forked with tines.
This video teaches the traditional self-defense techniques and kata for the hoe. It is an ideal teaching aid for review, rank testing, competition, and self-defense.
Grandmaster Michael A. Stelzer holds several advanced ranks (10th Dan and above) in various styles of martial arts. Additionally, he holds three doctoral of science degrees and is a certified professional wrestler.